Bourbon Bourbon is the national alcoholic beverage of the United States. It has been legally recognized at the federal level since 1964. Bourbon is considered an elite drink with a golden amber color and flavors of vanilla and cinnamon.

The name bourbon dates back to the late 18th century. In 1785, settlements named after the Bourbons, the French royal dynasty, were founded by Irish settlers who fled the ongoing Civil War to the west of the United States. Later, these settlements were separated into a separate county. It is believed that the first drink in this county was distilled by cleric Elijah Craig for his parishioners. This is evidenced by an advertisement dated 1821.

At the time, the county was a staging post for the transportation of alcohol en route to New Orleans. The barrels that ended up in the ports of the county were stamped with its name, so soon the name "bourbon" became a household name for any alcohol that came from this county (now the county) [1]

Differences from whiskey

  • Differences from whiskey
  • Types and brands
  • How is it produced
  • Chemical composition
  • Application in traditional medicine
  • The harm of the drink
  • How to drink correctly
  • Cooking applications
  • conclusions

Many ordinary consumers believe that bourbon is an American whiskey, but this is not entirely true. There are a number of fundamental differences between whiskey and bourbon that make it possible to distinguish this drink as a separate type of alcohol [2]

Raw materials for bourbon

The main difference between bourbon and whiskey is the raw material from which it is made: corn is used for its production, not barley. Moreover, the content of raw corn in the blend for the production of this drink must be at least 51% [3]

Place of production

Not every corn alcohol can be called bourbon. To be called so, a real corn alcoholic beverage must be produced in Kentucky. [4]

Production technology

 Aging of bourbon in oak barrels In the process of making bourbon, the stage of raw malting is excluded. In addition, the aging of alcohol after fermentation takes place in new oak barrels, which are fired from the inside [5]

Taste and color

The flavor of bourbon is very rich and has a sweet hue due to the presence of corn. The aging of the distillate in toasted oak barrels gives the alcohol a rich dark hue, which distinguishes it from the lighter whiskey.

Types and brands

Depending on the peculiarities of blending and production of this alcohol, several types of bourbon are distinguished:

  • Straight is a clean, undiluted beverage that has been aged for over two years. This alcohol contains no flavors, colors, or other alcohols.
  • Blended - alcohol obtained by mixing several types of bourbon, while the direct type of drink must contain at least 51%.
  • Honey - bourbon with a special sweetish, relatively mild taste.
  • Barrel strength is an undiluted alcoholic beverage with maximum strength.
  • Diluted - an alcoholic drink with a strength below 40%.
  • American Blended Whiskey is a blend of bourbon and rye whiskey.
  • The most famous trademarks of true American bourbon are:

    • Jim Beam;
    • Four Roses;
    • Heaven Hill;
    • Maker's Mark;
    • Blanton's;
    • Benchmark [6]

    How is it produced

     Bourbon production Water in Bourbon County, Kentucky is iron-free. This affects the taste of the alcoholic beverage that is produced with its use.

    There are several steps to making a real Kentucky bourbon:

  • Grain preparation. Depending on the blend, the grain is mixed, while at least 51% of its amount must consist of corn.
  • Distillation of the drink. The prepared grain is left to ferment, saccharified, then distilled.
  • Extract of alcohol. Extract of the distillate is carried out in new oak barrels specially fired from the inside. Storage of a drink in barrels, as a rule, is carried out without observing certain temperature and humidity conditions [7]
  • Infuse the drink before bottling for at least 2 years. To achieve the same taste, color and smell of bourbon in one batch, alcohol is blended from different barrels.

    Chemical composition

    The chemical composition of an alcoholic beverage depends on the feedstock. It contains vitamins A, group B, PP, minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium). The calorie content of bourbon is 230-235 kcal per 100 ml [8]

    Application in traditional medicine

    Due to its strength, bourbon has cauterizing, wound healing, antiseptic, bactericidal properties. The alcohol that is part of it, when consumed internally:

    • has a short-term warming effect;
    • exhibits a local anesthetic effect;
    • speeds up the heartbeat;
    • tones up;
    • stimulates the secretion of digestive juices [9] [10]

    In folk medicine, pure alcoholic drink is not used as a medicine. On its basis, alcohol-containing medicinal drugs are prepared.

    Walnut tincture

     Angina For tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, rinse the throat with tincture on the partitions of walnuts. To make it, a handful of membranes are poured in 200 ml of pure drink, insisted for at least 30 days, filtered.

    Hawthorn tincture

    To prepare this tincture, take one tablespoon of chopped hawthorn fruits, pour 200 ml of the drink and insist in a dark place, shaking daily, for at least one week. After straining, the tincture is taken daily by mouth 30 drops three times a day before meals. This remedy helps with high blood pressure, palpitations, insomnia, and bile stasis.

    Diluted bourbon can be used for compresses, wraps, lotions for arthritis, arthrosis, joint pain, for resorption of subcutaneous hematomas.

    The harm of the drink

    When using this drink inside, it must be remembered that it is, first of all, strong alcohol, therefore it must be consumed in limited quantities [11]

    The drink and products from it are contraindicated:

    • children;
    • pregnant and lactating women;
    • people with acute infectious and somatic diseases;
    • with gallstone and urolithiasis;
    • with ulcers of the stomach and duodenal ulcer;
    • suffering from gout and diabetes mellitus;
    • persons with mental disorders.

    It is also forbidden to use bourbon as a warming agent. The warming effect of the drink does not last long: the narrowing of the capillaries is quickly replaced by their paresis (expansion). As a result of this, active heat transfer occurs through the skin, which is dangerous due to hypothermia.

    How to drink correctly

     Bourbon consumption The main purpose of bourbon is still not to treat diseases, but to consume it as alcohol. The drink has a long aftertaste. Often, bourbon plays the role of a digestif, which is an alcoholic beverage served towards the end of a meal to improve digestion. It is drunk neat, with ice, diluted with sparkling water or in the form of cocktails [12]

    In its pure form, bourbon is drunk from low and wide glasses that have a thick bottom and thinner walls. In bars, you can also find other dishes for a drink - shots, which in Russian are called stacks. Sommelier tasters believe that the bouquet of this alcohol reveals a tulip-shaped glass.

    This American corn alcohol goes well with sushi, Roquefort cheese, lemon, fresh fruit, berries, fruit sorbets, chocolate, almonds, coffee. It is served with cream soups, fish dishes, seafood, roast meat.

    In cocktails, this alcohol is mixed with soda (carbonated water), cola, lemon, orange, grapefruit and pineapple juices, syrups, liqueurs, rum. The most popular bourbon-based cocktail in the United States is Manhattan.

    Cocktail "Manhattan"

    For its preparation you need: 60 ml of bourbon, 30 ml of red Rosso vermouth, 2 ml of strong Venezuelan tincture - Angostura bitter and one cocktail cherry. The alcoholic components are mixed in a martini glass and a cherry is tossed into them.

    Cooking applications

    In the homeland of the drink, it is used to prepare many dishes from meat and fish. It is often substituted for whiskey in classic recipes to give dishes a vanilla-cinnamon flavor. Americans love to cook roast beef with bourbon.

    American Beef Roast

    To prepare it, you will need: beef - 1 kg, 3-4 pcs. onions, bacon - 0.4 kg, heavy cream - 0.5 l, pickles, lemon, salt, spices and bourbon. Diced meat is salted, seasoned with spices, lemon juice, onion cut into rings or half rings and 20 ml of bourbon are added. The meat must be marinated for at least 5 hours. After that, it is fried on a baking sheet, laid out on bacon. After the meat stops emitting pink juice during the puncture (well-dan roasting), add cream and chopped pickles to it and stew for another 15-20 minutes. As a result, the roast turns out to be juicy and aromatic. Mashed potatoes or spaghetti are served as a side dish.

    Conclusions

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    Bourbon is a traditional American strong alcoholic beverage produced in Kentucky from corn raw materials. Its history dates back to the days of the Wild West. Since 1964, it has been officially recognized as the national alcoholic beverage of the United States.

    Bourbon should not be confused with whiskey, they have many fundamental differences. In the production process of real American bourbon, there is no malting stage, and the drink is aged for at least 2 years in new oak barrels, previously fired from the inside.

    Corn alcoholic drink is drunk neat or in cocktails. It goes well with ice, cola, juices, fruits and berries, Roquefort cheese. It is served as a digestif or with meat, fish and seafood dishes. The savory vanilla cinnamon aroma of the alcoholic beverage is often used in American cuisine when preparing meat or fish dishes.

    When using this alcohol, it must be remembered that it is a strong alcoholic drink (over 40%) and contains a lot of fusel oils and furfural, therefore it quickly causes intoxication and can lead to acute alcohol poisoning.


    Things to know (Q&A)

    What is the main difference between whiskey and bourbon?

    Whiskey is a distilled spirit made from grains like corn and rye and aged in wooden barrels. Bourbon is a type of whiskey, and there are strict rules in place to ensure its quality. Bourbon must be made in the US, distilled from at least 51% corn, and aged in new oak-charred barrels.

    Is Jack Daniels a whiskey or a bourbon?

    Jack Daniel's is not a bourbon - it's a Tennessee Whiskey . Jack Daniel's is dripped slowly - drop-by-drop - through ten feet of firmly packed charcoal (made from hard sugar maple) before going into new charred oak barrels for maturing. This special process gives Jack Daniel's Tennessee Whiskey its rare smoothness.

    Is bourbon a whiskey or liquor?

    Bourbon (/bɜːrbən/) is a type of American whiskey , a barrel-aged distilled liquor made primarily from corn.

    What type of alcohol is bourbon?

    American whiskey

    Bourbon is a type of American whiskey , distilled from a mash made primarily of corn. Despite it's popularity, the spirit remains a mystery to many.

    What makes bourbon different from whiskey?

    Bourbon Is Made With At Least 51 Percent Corn

    What makes bourbon distinct from other whiskeys is the way it is manufactured and aged. ... Per the American Bourbon Association, in order to be classified as bourbon, a whiskey needs to be distilled from a mixture of grains, or mash, that's at least 51 percent cor

    What's better bourbon or whiskey?

    Bourbon tends to be sweeter , while Scotch tends to have a more intense smokiness. Bourbon and Scotch are identical in terms of nutrition. However, they're made from different grains, which afford them slightly different taste profiles.
    ...
    Nutritional comparison.

    Bourbon Scotch
    Alcohol 14 grams 14 grams

    What whiskey is not bourbon?

    Rye

    Rye . Rye is another type of whiskey that is made from a mash that contains at least 51 percent rye, and is less sweet than bourbon. It is often used as a substitute for bourbon and adds a spicy flavor to a cocktai

    Is bourbon considered whiskey?

    All bourbon is whiskey , but not all whiskey is bourbon. A strict set of standards from the government regulates what's what. Learn more about what defines "America's native spirit" and the difference between bourbon and whiskey below.

    What is difference between whiskey and bourbon?

    Whiskey is a distilled spirit made from grains like corn and rye and aged in wooden barrels. Bourbon is a type of whiskey, and there are strict rules in place to ensure its quality. Bourbon must be made in the US, distilled from at least 51% corn, and aged in new oak-charred barrel

    What liquors are considered Bourbons?

    1. Traditional

    • Baker's.
    • Booker's.
    • Elijah Craig.
    • Evan Williams.
    • Jim Beam.
    • Jim Beam Black.
    • Knob Creek.
    • Old Crow.

    Is bourbon a whiskey or brandy?

    Bourbon is a specific type of American whiskey that is made from at least 51% corn and aged in oak barrels. The name bourbon comes from Bourbon Country, Kentucky: the region where the spirit was invented. Today over 95% of the bourbon produced is made in Kentucky.

    Is bourbon a rum or whiskey?

    Bourbon is a sub-category of whiskey — all bourbons are whiskey, but not all whiskeys are bourbons. Other whiskey sub-categories include American rye and blended whiskey, blended and single malt Scotch, blended and single pot Irish whiskeys, Japanese whiskey and many more.

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